About The DC Jobs and Growth Partnership

Q. What is the DC Jobs and Growth Partnership?

A. The DC Jobs and Growth Partnership (DCJGP) is a joint effort among many different types of District businesses that are concerned about new policies taking the city in the wrong direction. The mission of DCJGP is to defend the business community and ensure the District keeps moving forward economically.

Q. What is the DC Council’s proposed Hours and Scheduling Stability Act (HSSA)?

A. The HSSA would require certain District businesses to post work schedules 21 days in advance. Businesses would incur financial penalties for schedule changes made within the 21-day window. Employees must provide written notice when they agree to schedule changes. The HSSA would also require businesses to offer additional hours to current employees, up to full-time employment, before creating new part-time jobs.

Q. What are the likely consequences if the HSSA is enacted?

A. A recent survey found that half of the businesses targeted by the HSSA would cut jobs if the legislation is enacted. In addition, businesses would offer fewer part-time jobs and limit flexibility for employees. New costs and less efficient operations would also reduce dollars to reinvest in businesses and create new jobs. The legislation would discourage expansion and new business openings. The bottom line is, the HSSA would hinder the District’s economic progress by tying the hands of job providers and thereby stifling economic growth and new business development. Over time, the HSSA will send jobs, shoppers, and investment outside the District.

Q. How will the HSSA impact employees and job seekers?

A. If enacted, the HSSA will greatly limit employees’ scheduling flexibility. Employees will be limited in their ability to change or trade shifts, or add or subtract hours, as needed. In addition, the HSSA would reduce the availability of new positions and part-time jobs. The HSSA will create tension and division in some workplaces, with a system of penalties and fines replacing good-faith employee-employer relations.

Q. Do part-time employees really want full-time jobs?

A. Research shows that an estimated 86 percent of part-time employees in the District have specifically sought out and prefer part-time work. Employees who prefer part-time work include students, older workers, disabled and working parents. The HSSA would limit the availability of part-time jobs.

Q. Can’t businesses anticipate their scheduling needs 21 days in advance?

A. Sometimes, but not always. The HSSA is highly impractical for many businesses, which need to be able to respond to unexpected events. For instance, during the historic Blizzard of 2016, many grocery stores, hardware stores, pharmacies, and big box retailers staffed up to ensure that shelves were stocked and customers served. The HSSA would limit such flexibility and business autonomy. Employees often call in sick at the last minute. HSSA would punish the employer for offering better sick leave policies, because filling shifts at the last minute would result in a financial penalty.

Q. Why should we care about workplace flexibility?

A. Workers and employers both value and benefit from autonomous workplace flexibility. Workers can modify their schedules to fit their lifestyles, and businesses have flexibility that enables them to serve their customers and grow.

Q. How will the HSSA impact economic development in the District?

A. If enacted, the HSSA will be a step backward for economic development in the District. Over the last two decades, investments by a variety of businesses, supported by positive public policies, have created thousands of jobs, attracted new development, and encouraged small businesses to put down their roots in District neighborhoods. DC unemployment has fallen to 6.5 percent—although unemployment is even lower in Virginia (4.1 percent) and Maryland (4.7 percent). The HSSA would undermine this progress.

HSSA Threatens Flexibility and Business Autonomy

What's Wrong With Restrictive Scheduling?